Post Primary Notes March ’16

The concert programme will include :

 I’ve got rhythm – George Gershwin

 Zadok, The Priest – G.F. Handel

A Medley of the following ballet pieces :

     Le Bal – Jeux d’enfants – Bizet

    Sylvia – Delibes    

    Coppellia – Waltz – Delibes

    Faust – Ballet Music – Gounod

    The Dance of the Hours – Ponchielli

    Les Sylphides

    The Trepak – Nutcracker Ballet

 

Radetsky March – Johann Strauss 1

Slavonic Dance – No. 8 – op.46 – Dvorak

Farandole – Bizet

America – from West Side Story – Berstein

Excerpt from Riverdance   – Whelan

 

Spirituals Medley

   I wish I knew how it feels to be free

   Down to the River to Pray

   This little light of mine

  Blame it on the boogie

Additional pops songs by DJ Dashka

Composers Factfile

 George Gershwin  

Born – Brooklyn, New York – 1898

Died – Hollywood – 1937

One of America’s most famous song-writers; used jazz style in classical compositions. Made his fortune as a composer of popular songs, but would like to have been more appreciated as a composer of ‘serious’ music. Influenced by the French composer, Maurice Ravel. His opera, Porgy and Bess, (1935) was the first to feature classically-trained African-American singers.

Recommended listening : Rhapsody In Blue (1924) – piano & orchestra

Porgy & Bess (1935)– folk opera – includes ‘Summertime’

On the concert            :   I’ve Got Rhythm

On the internet          :   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bKstQNsQKc

George Gershwin plays I’ve Got Rhythm on the piano–recorded in New York in 1931

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-2Dg6KJAkQ

George Gershwin explains how he wrote The Variations on I’ve Got Rhythm – and performs with the orchestra – recorded in 1934

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-2Dg6KJAkQ

For further information see www.gershwin.com

Pyotr Iliyich Tchaikovsky

Born – Viatka, Russia – 1840

Died – St. Petersburg – 1893

One of the most popular Russian composers of the Romantic era of classical music.

Famous especially for his ballet music. Wrote 6 symphonies and several operas.

Recommended listening : 1812 Overture; Nutcracker Ballet; Piano Concerto

On the concert           :   Danse Russe – Trepak from the Nutcracker Ballet

On the internet                     : Bolshoi Ballet perform the Trepak

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kT-1vDLGWEk

 

Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London – Trepak

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZBrVH9Ilao

 

Beautiful full-length film of Swan Lake from the Kirov Ballet

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9rJoB7y6Ncs

Jacques Offenbach

Born –   Frankfurt-on-Main 1819

Died –   Paris – 1880

Famous composer of French operetta – a light-hearted form of opera. Began career as a cellist. The ‘Can-Can’ is taken from Orpheus in the Underworld, which is a comic story about mythological gods and goddesses. The Baroque composer, Christoph Gluck, had written a serious opera on the same subject, Orfeo e Euridice, in 1762.

 Recommended listening : Offenbach Overtures – including Orpheus in the Underworld; Tales of Hoffman;

On the concert                       :   The Can-Can (from Orpheus in the Underworld)

On the internet         : Zubin Mehta conducting

the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in the complete

Orpheus in the Underworld Overture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bqXA5UMy1yc

 

Antonin Dvorak

 Born – Bohemia (now the Czech Republic) – 1841

Died – Prague                       – 1904

Born in a village on the Vlata River. (Another important Bohemian composer, Smetana, wrote a great orchestral piece describing this river.) A nationalist composer, Dvorak was very influenced by the folk music of his country. Lived in New York between 1892 – 1895, where he became interested in the music of the African-Americans (Spirituals) and native American Indians. The cor-anglais tune he wrote for the slow movement of his New World Symphony (No. 9) was adapted, in 1922, as the hymn tune “Goin’ Home” by one of his students, William Arms Fisher.

Recommended listening :

On the concert           :           Slavonic Dance No. 8 op. 46

On the internet         :           Dvorak Slavonic Dances op.46

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJt9mExwBG8

Brahms 16 Hungarian Dances

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZ-H6AICbuw

Johann Strauss Sr. ( the 1st or The Father)

Born    – Vienna – 1804

Died    – Vienna – 1849

Very important in the development of light music in the nineteenth century. Played with another composer of waltzes, Joseph Lanner, before setting up his own orchestra. His family continued his work, with his son Johann achieving great fame.

Recommended listening :

On the concert           :           Radetsky March

On the internet                     :           New Year’s Day Concert in Vienna (2014)

The conductor greets each member of the orchestra

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ORHVroiWHk

Johann Strauss Jr. (the 2nd     or The Son)

Born – Vienna – 1825

Died – Vienna – 1899

Was already named ‘The Waltz King’ before his father died. Toured Europe and America playing the ‘pop’ music of his time. The work of Jacques Offenbach inspired him to compose operettas. The Blue Danube is his most famous waltz.

Recommended listening :

On the concert           :           Pizzicato Polka (written in collaboraton with his brother, Josef)

On the internet                     :           New Year’s Concert, Vienna (2012)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3CAXpuPqfv0

Blue Danube with Viennese Ballet & Orchestra

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6t318FgFdc

Georges Bizet

Born – Paris, France – 1838

Died – Bougival, France – 1875

One of Bizet’s teachers at the Paris Conservatoire was Charles Gounod, whose ballet music from Faust will be heard at the concert. Bizet wrote his first symphony at the age of 17. His opera Carmen is his most famous work. Set in Spain, one of the characters is a bull-fighter (a toreador). A film was later made of the opera, but the toreador became a boxer! The Toreador’s Song became Stand Up and Fight – and this version became the ‘anthem’ for Munster Rugby.

Recommended listening : Toreador’s Song; Habanera; anything from Carmen

On the concert           :           Farandole from L’Arlesienne Suite No. 2

On the internet                     :           Farandole ‘Flashmob’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1F74gOxUNeA

Le Bal (Galop) from Jeux D’Enfants (Children’s Games) –piano duet

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MII6MhVfuEM

Russian Bass, Dmitri Hvorostovsky sings The Toreador’s Song at ‘The Last Night of the Proms’ in the Royal Albert Hall.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-snRz5L3Ups

 

George Frederick Handel

Born – Halle, Germany – 1685

Died – London, England – 1759; buried in Westminster Abbey.

He worked as director of music for the Elector of Hanover, who later became King George the First, of England. Among the music he wrote for royalty are his Water Music Suites and Music for the Royal Fireworks. His operas were influenced by his travels to Italy. He developed Oratorio while in England – a bit like opera, but less staging, featuring more choral pieces, and mostly using biblical texts. His most famous Oratorio, The Messiah, was premiered in Dublin in 1742.

Recommended listening :    Water Music; Royal Fireworks;

Messiah arias and choruses– Hallelujah Chorus

On the concert           :           Zadok, The Priest

On the internet                     :           Handel – Zadok – The Coronation Anthem.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lW9Uudkx42g

Handel’s Messiah – Dublin

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y8j83i-NSuo

Location of the Music Hall, Fishamble St. Dublin –   venue for the premiere of the Messiah – currently the offices of the Contemporary Music Centre, Ireland.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHWDJjS_JkU

Ballet – The Dance and The Music

The term comes from the Italian verb ‘ballare’ – to dance. It began during the Renaissance, about 500 years ago, as entertainment in the courts of Italy. It was introduced to the French court by Catherine De Medici, when she married King Henry, the Second. The King’s resident composer, Jean-Baptiste Lully, included extensive ballet scenes in his operas, and thus began a tradition of combining ballet in French operas. This tradition continued into the 19th and early 20th century. When composers like Ponchielli, Verdi, or Wagner had their operas performed in Paris, it was customary for them to include a ballet sequence.

It was in France and Russia, during the 19th century, that ballet really developed as an art-form. Some extraordinarily beautiful music was written, especially for the ballet. Tchaikovsky (1840 -1893) represents to high-point of musical composition for ballet in Russia in the 19th century; in the 20th century, the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky (1884 – 1971) was particularly influential, especially through his association with the choreographer Diaghilev, the director of the Paris-based dance company, ‘Ballet Russe’. The orchestral music for their ballets is often performed without the dancing.

Tchaikovsky – Swan Lake Ballet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ea90L91eZk

Stravinsky – The Firebird Ballet (excerpt)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0MpwTEkzqQ

Leo Delibes (1836 -1891) composed the music for some of the most popular ballets ever performed. Born in France, his big first success came in 1870, with Coppélia, the story of a doll that comes to life. This was followed by Sylvia, in 1876, set in pagan Greece. He also had great success writing opera, and the Flower Duet from his opera Lakmé is especially popular.

Anna Netrebko and Elena Garance sing the Flower Duet

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vf42IP__ipw

Waltz from Coppelia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ygx07AvTPeo

Amilcare Ponchielli (1834 – 1886) was a very successful 19th Italian composer of operas – nearly as famous, in his day, as Giuseppe Verdi.   Nowadays, he is best known for the opera La Gioconda, which features a very popular ballet scene – The Dance of the Hours, representing the different times of the day, from dawn, through daytime, and into the early evening, and then the night.

Ballet – The Dance of the Hours from La Gioconda

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLafOe-ifS4

The Dance of the Hours ‘Hippos’ segment in Disney’s Fantastia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTlnV6_uaK4

 Dance Forms in Classical Music

 Renaissance Dance music was written to be played on the lute, viols, recorders, and sackbuts.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqvoFHekE0c

Baroque Period – (Mid- 17th – early 18th Centuries) – Courtly Dances

 Instrumental music from this period often features ‘Suites’ of music – which include the popular dance forms of the time :

Allemande      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZWDrjLO7r4

Gigue              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J_lthPnJ59E

Bourrée          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3SMNkpnL-E

Minuet            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5j6ok5vWYSA

Gavotte           https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZGcW2JX7rk

 Classical Period – (18th Century –incl. Haydn, Mozart and early Beethoven)

 The ‘minuet’ – a 3-beat-in-a-bar courtly dance – was incorporated into symphonies, – usually as the 3rd movement. The ‘dance’ section was followed by a contrasting ‘trio’ section, and then the minuet was repeated. The minuet and trio movement was later replaced by the lively ‘Scherzo’ third movement.

Haydn ‘Surprise Symphony’ – Minuet and Trio https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8yp-DBGNV0

Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik – Minuet and Trio

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3dlI9cRFjNQ

Beethoven Minuet for Piano

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ttHwuyJsZAI

From the Romantic Period of the 19th Century

 The Waltz became hugely popular – both in the ballrooms and as compositions for concert audiences. The Strauss family wrote many famous waltzes. Folk dances, such as polkas and mazurkas were also popular in the ballrooms.

Frederick Chopin (1810 – 1849), Poland’s most famous composer used this popular dance form in his compositions for piano.

Chopin Waltzes – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qs9lRO9WT8g

The Nationalist movement during this century resulted in many ‘classical music’ composers writing music based on the folk traditions of their homelands.

Since the 20th Century, ‘Contemporary Dance’ has evolved as an art-form.

There was, also, the development of public dance halls, ballroom dancing, jazz music, and, of course, the recording industry. Latin-American rhythms; African-American influences; Japanese culture; new technology and more – all found its way into ‘classical’ music – also known as ‘serious’ music or ‘art music’ – and influenced the music written for or used in contemporary dance.

I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to be Free

This is a gospel/jazz song written by Billy Taylor and “Dick Dallas”, best known for the recording by Nina Simone in 1967 on her Silk & Soul album.

 

I wish I knew how it would feel to be free.

I wish I could break all the chains holding me.

I wish I could say all the things that I should say.

Say ‘em loud say ‘em clear

For the whole world to hear.

2

I wish I could give all I’m longing to give,

I wish I could live like I’m longing to live,

I wish I could do all the things that I can do,

Though I’m way overdue,

I’d be starting anew.

3

Well, I wish I could be like a bird in the sky,

How sweet it would be if I found I could fly.

Oh, I’d soar to the sun and look down on the sea.

And I’d see cos I’d know x 3

How it feels to be free.

Down to the River to Pray

The exact origins of this song are unknown, although it is generally thought to have been written by an African-American slave. It is a traditional American song, variously described as a Christian folk hymn, an African-American spiritual, an Appalachian song, and a gospel song. It gained popularity in 2000 after Alison Krauss performed it for the soundtrack of the Coen Brothers film, O Brother, Where Art Thou?.[1]

 

1                                                                      2

As I went down to the river to pray,                       As I went down to the river to pray,

Studying about the good old way               Studying about the good old way,

And who shall wear the starry crown.        And who shall wear the robe and crown.

God Lord, show me the way.                                    God Lord, show me the way.

O sisters, let’s go down,                                O brothers, let’s go down,

let’s go down,                                                             let’s go down,

won’t you come on down.                            won’t you come on down.

O sisters, let’s go down,                                O brothers, let’s go down,

Down to the river to pray.                            Down to the river to pray.

This Little Light of Mine

Dating from around 1920, this children’s gospel song made its way into the Civil Rights movement repertoire in the 1950s and 60s, alongside We Shall Overcome. It is now considered to be part of the American folk music tradition.

This little light of mine, I’m gonna let it shine

This little light of mine, I’m gonna let it shine

This little light of mine, I’m gonna let it shine

Let it shine, shine, shine – Let it shine.

 

Hide it under a bushel? – NO! I’m gonna let it shine

     Hide it under a bushel? – NO! I’m gonna let it shine

     Hide it under a bushel? – NO! I’m gonna let it shine

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

I’m gonna let my little light shine.

 

Shine my light both bright and clear, I’m gonna let it shine

Shine my light both bright and clear, I’m gonna let it shine

Shine my light both bright and clear, I’m gonna let it shine

Let it shine, shine, shine – Let it shine.

 

Light that shines is the light of love; I’m gonna let it shine

Light that shines is the light of love; I’m gonna let it shine

Light that shines is the light of love; I’m gonna let it shine

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Everyday? Everyday!

Let it shine, shine, shine – Let it shine.

 See www.corkpops.ie for direct links to these website addresses

I WISH I KNEW HOW IT FEELS TO BE FREE

 

Watch ‘I wish I knew’ as played by the composer Billy Taylor on

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=brBtTluod_w

 

Watch (a very young) Nina Simone singing ‘I wish I knew’ on

 www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFRiVCQ-cvg&feature=related

Same song with in a different rhythmic style – a different jazz ‘feel’. –Nina Simone plays piano and sings

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aI-ezEtJ_-s

 John Legend talks to Jools Holland

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouvTGym6qLs

John Legend sings I wish I how it feels to be free

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nz2k0IH-b7A

DOWN TO THE RIVER TO PRAY

Alison Krauss from the sountrack to O Brother, where art thou

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htSXKYs8sQM

Medley from O Brother, where art thou – performed on the Grammy Awards in 2002

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-C_HVoiJpY

Alison Krauss live in Nashwille with Ricky Skaggs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7Ss4IQst5U

 

THIS LITTLE LIGHT OF MINE

Soweto Gospel Choir

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1yUK0S_cEXY

Bruce Springsteen in Dublin the Seeger Sessions Tour (2006)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZ6SAryPyQk

Pete Seeger from the Smithsonian Collection

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FrXUucm-Clk